In our culture, infants tend initially to form attachment relationships with only a few people, especially with parents.
When people have a positive experience of attachment that is characterized by sensitivity, respect, recognition, support and appreciation in which help is readily offered in emergencies, they grow into healthy individuals who are generally up to everyday demands.
14th International Attachment Conference, Munich "Attachment Traumatizations" When attachment figures become perpretrators (2015)
Such trauma is especially damaging, and in some cases even fatal, because it is perpetrated by precisely the people from whom its victims should have been able to expect protection and security.
Tragically, many people today, are losing their relationships with their attachment figures -- and often with members of their extended family and friends as well -- as a result of migration, displacement and flight, torture, human trafficking, especially with women and children. They may also become isolated from their linguistic and cultural roots.
Today, even though the bio-psycho-social-ecological understanding of health and disease is under discussion worldwide, it has not by any means gained anything like universal acceptance. Psychosomatic research and developments in the treatment of psychosomatic patients have added considerably to this discussion.
Secure attachment in early childhood is especially impor tant in adolescence because adolescents are heavily engaged in becoming autonomous and separating from their attachment figures. This process may cause much anxiety and activate their need for attachment. Some adolescents are unable to separate at all; others attempt to force separation.
Alcohol, drugs, medications, food, starvation, computer games, work, relationships - many things can cause addiction in people. Addiction frequently begins as a response to the overwhelming stress of emotionally difficult developmental conditions, traumatic experiences, insoluble conflicts, among other things.